HISTORY OF THE
MUNICIPAL DISTRICT OF
This account is the product of the joint efforts of the committee composed of the teachers of Baay Elementary School, two of whom are natives of the Municipal District of Baay itself.
The information contained in this report was taken from all available sources in the locality, except as indicated in the narrative, no written records were consulted. All information given has been checked, however, for authenticity.
HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT OF BAAY, PROVINCE OF ABRA
PEOPLE AND OFFICIAL NAME
In the Municipal District of Baay, there are six tribes of people. The Binongans from the Binongan River Valley; the Banaos from Malibcong, the Inlands from Lagangilang; the Masadiits from Sallapadan; and the Ibalatocs from Kalinga. The Ibaays were the original inhabitants of this town.
Because of the wide fertile valleys, people from different places either immigrated to this place or intermarried with the Ibaays.
It would be worthwhile mentioning what each group contributed for the common welfare. The Binongans are lovers of recreation and are more meticulous in dressing. The Banaos are interested in the planting of root crops, such as gabi, camotes, and other root crops. The Inlands are experts in turning virgin lands into rice fields. They also introduced the planting of vegetables in vacant lots near houses. The Masadiits are expert kaingin farmers. They are noted for their industry, The Ibalatocs are credited for their ability in making durable stone wall fences and in turning stony areas into the best productive fields.
HOW BAAY GOT ITS NAME
The old folks have two conflicting theories as to how Baay got its name. According to Ex-Teniente Mayor Gayyed Parado, Baay was named in honor of a warrior who was always victorious in tribal wars. The warrior was Baay.
According to ex-vice-presidente Bagien, Baay got her name in this way. Long, long ago, Ayo, the Goddess of Beauty visited the town. She left for the people a gift, "BALINGBING," (a bamboo instrument which produces a sweet melody). To show their happiness over the gift, the people invited people from neighboring towns to a feast. At that big feast, they played the "balingbing," which contrary to their expectation, did not produce a sweet melody but a harsh sound. The invited guests commented that it was useless, or in the dialect, "awan ti paay." Baay got its name from this phrase. That is also why most of the people of Baay are monotones or poor in music because of the "balingbing" left by Ayo, the Goddess of Beauty, which did not produce a nice sound.
None of the people at present can tell any other name given to Baay formerly. What they know only is that Baay has always been called thus since the time of their forefathers.
DATE OF ESTABLISHMENT
GENERATIONS OF BAAY
PRESENT BARRIOS AND SITIOS AND THEIR POPULATION
SUCCESSION OF GOBERNADORCILLOS DURING THE SPANISH REGIME
1. Banatao from Licuan because Licuan and Kempal were then parts of Baay.
No date is available as to the tenure of each official,
REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD 1896-1900
AMERICAN REGIME 1900-1945
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
OUTSTANDING AMONG THESE PUBLIC SERVANTS WAS BASINGAN CARLOATH
Municipal School Teacher & Directorcillo of the Tribunal
(Period of the Revolution)
Elected Municipal President
The first Election Inspector
His accomplishments during his terms of office were the following:
2. He led in the planting of fruit trees.
3. He discouraged usury.
4. He discouraged cattle rustling.
5. He stopped the practice of witchcraft.
6. He taught the people to love one another.
7. He introduced the cutting of men’s hair.
HISTORICAL SITES OF BAAY
PAMITAAN (the first settlement of Baay) - This place is specially remembered because of tragedy that befell it. Almost all the people were eaten by a dreadful monster, except one maiden who climbed and slept on a coconut tree. It happened that this maiden had a suitor who sometimes visited her. When her suitor came, he was surprised to find out that the houses were closed and that there were no people. This young man, in bewilderment, turned around to find out what had happened. On looking up a coconut tree, he saw the girl whom he was courting. Asked why there were no people, the girl told the story that they were eaten by a monster. Late that afternoon there was a sign of his coming. The suitor got his shield and sword and met the terrible monster. On seeing the young man, he ran like a flash of lightning to attack him, but he missed the young man. The young suitor swung his sword and thus ended the life of the fearful monster. After the killing of this monster, the two were married.
2. Atolong - This is very memorable too, simply because of what had happened. During a big feast, there came three strangers whom the people did not know, but who were sent as spies by their companions. Asked where they were going, they told them that they only came for a visit. But at dawn, they attacked the sleeping people and all colloongs (troughs where the pigs eat) were full of the blood of the people. That is why it is called Atotong.
3. Balangan - A native of Baay was waylaid and killed across the path. He was killed by the Igorots. That is why it is called Balangan. Balangan means "to put something across" in the native dialect of the people.
4. Quantil or Quarter - It was the headquarters of the Spanish soldiers. This place is the second settlement of the people and the seat of the Municipal Government.
5. Patpat - When the Igorats who raided Baay were retreating, they were overtaken by a famous warrior, Gumidam, who killed them to the last man. Because of this incident, the scene was called Patpat. Patpat in the dialect means cut many.
6. Villa -where they killed Cadio, the leader of robbers who robbed the last Capitan Madagyan.
7. Tumalip - Poblacion and formerly the site of the Municipal Building.
IMPORTANT FACTS. INCIDENTS, EVENTS THAT TOOK PLACE DURING THE SPANISH OCCUPATION
IMPORTANT FACTS, INCIDENTS, EVENTS THAT TOOK PLACE DURING THE AMERICAN OCCUPATION
The people were encouraged to plant whatever they could, to raise swine, and pasture animals. There was a rapid increase in school population. The people were asked to choose their leaders.
It was during this period that cutting of hair among the men was introduced.
EVENTS DURING AND AFTER THE WAR
1. Famine of the people - Because of the series of evacuations made by the townspeople, the grains on the fields were neglected and were eaten by animals.
2. Decreased value of animals - One first class carabao costs 30-40 bundles of rice.
3. Prevalence of sickness - Malaria and dysentery, due to the lack of medical supplies and undernourishment was rampant. Many people died of these diseases.
4. Maltreatment of people - The guerrillas came to punish the: people suspected as spies. When the Japanese soldiers came, they did the same.
5. Organization of "hoko" system by the Japanese.
6. Organization of the bolo-men unit of Baay.
7. Rehabilitation of the gold mines and the mine roads via Wilawil.
PART Il - FOLKWAYS
TRADITIONS, CUSTOMS AND PRACTICES IN DOMESTIC AND SOCIAL LIFE
a. Birth - When a woman gives birth, the family calls for an experienced midwife to help her during the delivery. If the mother has difficulty in giving birth, everything that is closed or locked in the house must be opened in order to facilitate delivery. When the baby is out, somebody sharpens the edge of a stick with which to cut the cord while other helpers take two long pieces of cloth with which to tie the breast and abdomen of the mother to regulate the flow of blood.
b. Baptism - Ten days after the delivery, the family calls for an old woman who knows some "anting-anting." She performs the ceremony by putting an egg and some chicken feathers on the top of the house to show to the anitos or spirits that the child has already been baptized according to custom and that these spirits do not have more rights to visit the child. The family butchers a pig for the celebration and invites all the neighbors to the feast. This form of baptism is called the "wak-wakit" and the "ol-olog."
c. Marriage - Marriage is arranged by both parents of the boy and girl. The parents of the boy select a girl whom they think is fitted for their son. Then, they approach the girl's parents, taking with them basi or wine to make the talking livelier. The parents of the girl call for some of their relatives to attend the bargaining for the items of the dowry which are called the "sab-ong," "pu-on," "bengbeng," and "pangilin."
Sab-ong is money paid by the parents of the boy to the girl's parents. The parents of the girl distribute some of the money to their relatives and keep the rest.
Bengbeng is often five pesos given to the eldest brother of the girl.
Pu-on is not given in cash, but it is dowry in kind to be given by the boy's parents to the bride and bridegroom when they will live separately from their parents. It is a mother pig and one hundred bundles of palay.
Pangilin is in the form of valuable beads given by the boy's parents to show that they are true to the decision reached by both parties.
When the parents of the young man arranged for the necessary dowry with the bride's parents, they will butcher a small pig. The purpose is to find out whether or not it would be a happy marriage. If the bile is full, it means prosperity; but if it is half-full, or none at all, it means poverty on the part of the new couple. Again if the bile turns right or left, either the girl or boy would dislike afterwards. In this case, the marriage will be discontinued.
When the wedding celebration is going on and a living tree falls, it means that the couple will not live long, and it may even cause the discontinuance of their marriage. But if a dead tree falls, it means that the newlyweds will live long lives.
If it rains hard and thunder and lightning occur during the celebration, the couple will become rich.
The wedding feast is held in the house of the girl. Everybody in the community is invited to attend the wedding. When everything is fixed, they have merrymaking by performing the native dances (tadec) and native songs such as "oggayam" "salidommay," "bagoyos," and "dalleng." When the people disperse for the night, the bride and bridegroom are to sleep together for the first time with a small boy or girl between them. For the second and succeeding nights, they sleep together without any go-between.
d. Burial and Death - When a person dies, all his relatives from other towns are informed. Their relatives bring with them (basi) as a help to the bereaved family and to be drunk by everybody who comes to see the dead person. The corpse is seated in an improvised chair on one side of the house. If the dead person is rich, he stays in the house for three or five days until he is swelling and with bad odor. The people stay there nights and days drinking basi (native wine out of sugar cane) in front of the dead person. They sing native songs called the "Inangay." This song is very sentimental in tune appropriate for the occasion and to assuage the sorrows of the family.
If the dead is married, his wife or husband stays near the remains and cannot go out until the dead person is buried. The dead person is to be buried only when the old men and Capitans (ex-mayors) have reached a decision to bury him.
e. Visits - When somebody visits his relatives in another town, he has at least something to give to the children whom he is going to visit. It is mostly in the form of cakes made from "malagkit." When he returns home, the family whom he visited gives him also some gifts as presents for his own children.
MYTHS AND LEGENDS
Hornbill - [A] Long, long time ago, a town met a terrible misfortune. No crops of any kind could be raised. The people had nothing to eat, so all the men went to the forest to dig wild roots for food.
While they were in the forest, a great storm came. So, these men decided to go home, but they could not cross the streams and brooks. They had to wait for the rain to stop. Finally, the rain stopped and the water subsided. Filled with joy these people rushed to their homes, but they were very much surprised to find out that their houses were carried away by the flood. They roamed the place calling for their loved ones in vain.
They wished they were birds so that they could fly to look for their wives and children. Instantly, they felt that they had feathers; and they were calling "caw, caw, caw, caw." The red part on the hornbill's head had been the turban of the men. During that time they had long hair so that it was necessary for them to wear turbans.
Dalikan Atken - This place is found just west of Baay, along the Baay River. It is named after the name of the giant, Atken. Today, we can see three stones as big as houses in the form of a stove, where this giant used to cook his food. Until now it is called Dalikan Atken (Atken's stove).
Origin of the Monkey - There was a family with many children. The parents worked hard so that they could support their family. They cleared the forest and made "kaingins" as there were no rice fields then. Their children were very lazy. They want to play every day and they did not like to work.
One morning, the mother gave them crowbars so that they could help her clear the weeds in the kaingin. When the sun was hot, the children began to yawn. They wished that they would become monkeys so that they would not need to work. God became angry with them, so he granted their wish. The bars that they were holding became their tails. When they found out that they had changed to monkeys they were very much ashamed, so that they ran to the forest to hide.
BELIEFS AND SUPERSTITIONS
1. Snakes - When a shake crosses your way and goes inside a stone, it means that you will be sick if you will continue on your journey.
2. Sneezing - When somebody sneezes then you are going out of the house, something bad will happen to you. You maybe beaten by a snake or you may cut your fingers with a bolo.
3. Lizard - When you go hunting or fishing and you see a lizard, you will be disappointed because you will not catch any and the trip will be unsuccessful.
4. Owl - if the owl hoots near the town at night, an epidemic will surely come.
5. Rainbow - When a rainbow is seen in the sky, no children are allowed to go out as that is the time for the evil spirits to roam around the houses.
6. Sun, Moon and Stars - According to the old folks, the sun was the pot of the first man and woman of the world. The moon was the comb and the stars were the beads. All of these were hung on the sky as it was very low then. It is said they could touch the sky with their hands. They used to hang their things on it.
When they were pounding rice, the pestle of the man struck the sky. There was a roaring sound and when the man looked up he saw that the sky was already rising, carrying with it all the things of the man and woman.
7. Earthquake - Earthquakes are believed to be caused by the movement of the two turtles that are holding the earth on their hacks.
8. Lightning and Thunder - The old folks say that the lightning and thunder are a spirit that has a supernatural power. The thunder hates pepper mixed with ginger or lobster that is roasted. When one eats these, the thunder gets angry and roars. A person who eats these combinations will surely be struck by the lightning during the rainy season.
9. Clouds and Rain - According to the belief of the people, rain comes any time a bird's nest is soaked in water and then tossed in the air to form a shower. When this is done, clouds appear in the sky and fall as rain.
POPULAR SONGS, GAMES. AND AMUSEMENTS
The popular songs of the people are the "Og-ga-yam," "Salidom-may," "Sang-sang-ngil," "Dango," and the "Bal-lagoyos."
The common game of the children is the San Pedro especially on moonlight nights. During special occasions, the old people indulge in cockfighting. Students have learned to enjoy playing the basketball.
Other amusements are going hunting in groups, catching fish by draining the water, and going to the forest in search of beehives to get honey and wax.
PUZZLES AND RIDDLES
1. Casano sit inca panang-imet, canta cayo nga awad canta tenga nita baybay no adi camet macapan gapu ta adu wa pumatay ngem awad ta ando wa tali?
(How can you get the tree at the middle of a lake when you cannot go to it because of a dreadful water monster. You have only a rope.) Answer - Tie one end and go around the edge of the lake with the other end.
2. Casano sit panagi lasat no, ta rakit, no mangibolon ca ta ogsa, aso ken root. Ta dua ngameng sit mailugan canta rakit ta maminsan. Ta no adi canen nit ogsa sit ro-ot, casta met nga adi canen net aso sit ogsa.
PROVERBS AND SAYINGS
METHODS OF MEASURING THE TIME
(SGD.) CARLOS SABEDO
(SGD.) (Mrs.) NATALIA C. AFOS
(SGD.) (Miss) POTENCIANA BARRO