MUNICIPALITY OF GONZAGA (CAGAYAN), Historical Data of - Philippine Historical Data MUNICIPALITY OF GONZAGA (CAGAYAN), Historical Data of - Philippine Historical Data


Municipality of Gonzaga, Cagayan

About these Historical Data

[Cover page]

Historical Data
GONZAGA District
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[p. 1]


The Ilocos Province is one of the most thickly populated regions of the Philippine Islands. Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, and La Union are in the Ilocos Region. This region is narrow in comparison with the Central Plains.

The people are engaged mostly in agriculture. As the people were industrious and didn't have enough land to cultivate, some migrated to some other places. Some went to the central provinces and some to the Cagayan Valley.

Around the year 1900, immigrants began to settle in the northeastern part of Luzon. And from year to year, groups of immigrants settled. The place those people occupied was called Gampao. That name remainedn for sometime. At the time, the settlers became conscious of politics and they changed the name of the place. They called in Wangag instead of Gampao. This place was a barrio of the town of Camalaniugan.

In the year 1916, a barrio within the territory of Camalaniugan became a town. The town is what is now called Buguey. Wangang, which was a barrio of Camalaniugan, became one of the barrios of Buguey. The name of the barrio ws changed again. Rumang-ay was the new name. The people of Rumang-ay, who were increased by yearly settlers, became politically intoxicated. In fact, the late Francisco Torres, a resident of Rumang-ay, was the first president of Buguey.

A place which had only a handful of people in 1900 grew to be a big barrio to the year when Buguey separated as an independent town from Camalaniugan. The people thought of the hardship of being in a barrio but more of its geographical situation.

[p. 2]

The town of Buguey and the barrio of Rumang-ay were separated by at least twenty kilometers. There were no roads and bridges that connected the town and the said barrio. When some inhabitants of Rumang-ay wanted to go to Buguey, they went hiking most of the way and most of the time. Twenty kilometers meant a half-day hike in those days.

As they experienced these hardships, their political aspiration to become a separate independent town from Buguey increased in folds. They wanted their dreams to be realized. And it was not so far away from Buguey's political separation from Camalaniugan. It was two years, then. In other words, it was in 1918 when Gonzaga was recorded as a town in the province of Cagayan. The barrio of Rumang-ay gave way to the town of Gonzaga. The word Rumang-ay was erased from the record and the word Gonzaga took its place.

Buguey and Gonzaga were not the only places that aspired to be independent towns. As we observe that they were once barrios and now, they are two separate and independent towns. Buguey is the mother town of Gonzaga. It did not take long for that town to lead Gonzaga to be a town. Palawig, a barrio of Gonzaga in the northeast corner of the community as well as the province of Cagayan and the island of Luzon, grew bigger and bigger as time went on. The people got more conscious of their political situation. By the year 1950, the dream of the people of Palawig that someday, it would become an independent town was realized. On March 6, 1950, the inauguration of the town was held. So, in that year, Gonzaga, a daughter of Buguey, became a mother town of Santa Ana, the new town.

[p. 3]

The territory of Gonzaga was divided between herself and the town of Sta. Ana. Her population was reduced to a certain extent. However, Gonzaga remained to be as before in regards to some lines. She is growing hand in hand with some other towns in the province.
Submitted by:
Mrs. Maxima A. Sana
Nagbabacalan Elementary School
Gonzaga, Cagayan

[p. 4]


Daguiti provincias ti Cailocuan isu ti maysa cadaguiti capusculan ti tattaona a puroc ditoy Islas Filipinas. Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, ken La Union ti puroc ti Cailocuan. Daytoy a puroc akikid no ipadpadis ti Nagtengnga a Planas.

Daguiti tattao caaduanna ti mantaltalun. Cas nagaget daguiti tattao ken aoan ti macaanay adagdaga a trabajoan da dadduma cadacuada nagdappat da cadaguiti sabsabali a luglugar. Dadduma napanda idiay Nagtengnga a Planas ket daguiti met dadduma ti Valle ti Cagayan.

Ti taoen nga agarup 1900 daguiti nagaacar nangruguida nga nagdappat ti amianan a daya a parte ti Luzon. Kettinaoen taoen ti grupo daguiti nagaacar nagdappatda. Ti lugar a dinappatan daguitoy nanaganan Gampao. Nagbayag bassit dayta a nagan. Idin a daguitoy a tattao nangrugui da a simbrec ti politica binaliaon da ti nagan dayta a lugar. Wangag ti nagan a naisucat iti Gampao. Daytoy a lugar barrio ti ili a Camalaniugan.

Idi taoen a 1916 maysa a barrio nga adda iti sacup ti Camalaniugan nagbalin nga ili. Dayta nga ili isu ita ti macuna a Buguey. Ti maysa a barrio ti Camalaniugan nga isu ti Wangag nagbalin a barrio ti Buguey. Ti nagan ti barrio nasucatan manen. Rumang-ay ti baro a naipanagan. Daguiti tattao ti Rumang-ay nga isu a tinaoen nga umad-adu casda la naulao iti bartec ti politica. Ket kenapudnuanna daydi Dios ti aluadna a Francisco Torres nga nagnaed ti Rumang-ay isu ti immuna a nag-presidente ti Buguey.

Ti maysa a lugar nga adda laeng a sangsancapeckel ti tattaona idi 1900 dimmackel a barrio cadaguiti panaoen nga pinnakisina nga independencia ti Buguey iti ili a Camalaniugan. Daguiti

[p. 5]

tattao napanunut da ti rigat ti agyan iti maysa a barrio ngem nangnangruna ti casasaad ti lugar. Ti ili a Buguey ken ti barrio Rumang-ay adda baet da a saan a cumorcurang a dua pulo a kilometros. Aoan ti calcalsada ken rangrangtay a cas namagsilpo ti ili ken iti nasao nga barrio. Ket no adda sumagmamano nga agnaed ri Rumang-ay a mayat a mapen Buguey magmagnada iti caoatioatan di dalan ken singcaduana cadaguiti tiempo a pinnagnda. Ti dua pulo a kilometros caracud na ti cagudua ti aldao a pinnagna cadaguidi nga aldao.

Cas mapolio da ti rigat ti nainpoliticaana a namnamada isu ti pannacaisina da nga ili iti Buguey pimmigsa. Kinalicaguman da a daguiti tagtaginep da ket pumudmo. Ket saan unay nabayag nanipud napoliticaan nga isisina ti Buguey iti Camalaniugan. Dua a taoen langen idin. Sabali a pannarita idi 1918 isu ti pannacairecordar ti Gonzaga a cas maysa nga ili iti Provincia ti Cagayan. Ti sao a Rumang-ay napunas iti record ket ti sao a Gonzaga isu ti nangala ti lugarna.

Ti Buguey ken Gonzaga saan da laeng nga isusu ti lugar a nagcalicagum ng agwaywayas nga ili. Cas intay nakita nga isuda barrio da met idi ngem ili dan itan a dua nga independencia. Ti ina ti Gonzaga isu ti Buguey. Saan a nagbayag dayta nga ili a nangidalan ti pinaguili ti Gonzaga. Ti barrio ti Gonzaga a Palawig nga adda iti deppaarna ti daya nga amianan ti paguilian ken casta met ti provincia ken ti puro a Luzon dimmacdackel cabayatan ti pinnagna ti tiempo. Daguiti tattao pimmigpigsa ti pakinakem da maipangguep ti politica. Idi taoen a 1950 ti tagtagainep daguiti tattao a ti barrio Palawig agcayoayas a ili maaramid, isut napatuloy. Idi 6 ti mabilang ti bulan ti Marzo taoen 1950 naaramid ti pannacacelbrar ti panaguilina. Ngarud iti dayta a taoen ti Gonzaga isu nga anac

[p. 6]

ti ili a Buguey nagbalin nga ina ti ili a Santa Ana.

Ti daga a sacsacupen ti ili a Gonzaga nagbingayan da met laeng iti anac na, ti ili a Sta. Ana. Ti taona bimmassit. Ngem uray pay no casta ti ili a Gonzaga nabati met laeng a cas idi punganay cadaguiti dadduma abanbanag. Adda dumacdackel a makikinkinnibin cadaguiti daddum nga il-ili ditoy provincia.
Isinumitir ni:
Mrs. Maxima A. Sana
Nagbabacalan Elementary School
Gonzaga, Cagayan
Transcribed from:
Historical Data of Gonzaga District, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.
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