REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
BUREAU OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
DIVISION OF MOUNTAIN [PROVINCE]
Baguio, July 10, 1953
The Director of Public Schools
M a n i l a
S i r :
2. Banaue District
3. Bauko District
b. Kayan Municipal District
b. Buguias Municipal District
c. Kabayan Municipal District
7. Kabugao District
b. Kabugao Municipal District
b. Kiangan Municipal District
b. La Trinidad Municipality
c. Sablan Municipal District
d. Tuba Municipal District
b. Luna Municipal District
b. Mankayan Municipal District
c. Tublay Municipal District
[Cover Letter 2]
JUL 15, 1952
2. Kapangan District
3. Bauko District (Sabangan Mun. District)
4. Lubuagan District
5. Mayoyao District
6. Natonin District
7. Tabuk District
Acting Division Superintendent
B I B L I O G R A P H I E S
2. Camp John Hay Souvenir Program - 1947
3. Telephone Director
4. Who's Who - 1951 - Ayson & Gutierrez
5. Camp John Hay Tourist Guide
6. Weather Bureau Charts
7. Newspaper Clippings
8. The Charter of the City of Baguio - Compiled and annotated - Malcolm, George A.
9. The Revised Ordinances of the City of Baguio
Several publications have already been made about Baguio in the form of souvenir programs, tourist guides, business and commerce reports, and biographies of prominent residents. None of these, however, have tried to present the "City of Pines" in its entirety.
This pamphlet has attempted what has never been tried before – a comprehensive study of every phase of living in the city, past and present. Those who prepared this pamphlet, however, do not claim to have succeeded in this tedious task. Nevertheless, they does modestly claim to have paved the way for others to make better and more comprehensive studiesin the future.
This report has been prepared in compliance with Memorandum No. 34 s. 1952. It is also intended to serve as reference for pupils, students, and teachers of Social Studies. It may also serve in various ways the visitors and tourists as well.
This pamphlet was prepared by a committee composed of Social Studies teachers teaching in the city elementary schools under the able charge and guidance of Mr. Damaso M. Bangaoet, City Supervisor. The eight principals acted as advisers in the preparation of the manuscripts.
To the city officials, school officials, Dr. Jose Cariño, and other generous persons who, in one way or another, either fur-
Mrs. Victorina P. Flores
Mr. Florencio Buen
[* or "Botor," blurred]
[Table of Contents]
B A G U I O
TABLE OF CONTENTS
History of Baguio
Physical Features and Natural Resources
Government of the City of Baguio
Baguio's Industries and Commerce
Religion in Baguio
THE HISTORY OF BAGUIO
To many lowlaners, Baguio means [a] storm after that tropical hurricane with the wind combing down the pine trees and destroying everything in its path. Contrary to this belief, the famous name of this city means Bagyiw, "moss," a green plant that the first Igorot settlers found growing around Burnham Lake which, at that time, was a mudhole for carabaos.
BAGUIO OF THE PAST AND HOW IT WAS DISCOVERED. In 1892, Dean C. Worcester, a young American zoological collector who was then in Mindoro, was approached by Domingo Sanchez, a member of the Spanish Forestry Bureau, who described in great detail a fabulous country in Northern Luzon with a perpetual temperate climate that was sometimes visited by the frosts.
When Dr. Worcester became the Secretary of [the] Interior and member of the First Philippine Commission, he expected that the American occupation would continue for a long period, and that meant a summer resort was necessary during the hot season to escape the awful heat of the lowlands. Therefore, while he was in Washington in 1899, he broached up the idea with Elihu Root, who was then Secretary of State; and when the Second Commission left for the Philippines, Root directed the members to investigate, and if proven good, to open up the country.
On their arrival in the Philippines, the Commission delegated Luke E. Wright and Worcester to visit the Benguet mountains
together with Horace Higgins of the Manila Railway Company, Major [unreadable] of the Army Medical Corps and Dr. Frank S. Bourne.
When the party arrived in Trinidad, they were invited by Otto Shearer, the only white resident of Benguet, who had his residence at the old site of Pines Hotel. They found conditions favorable and they admired the site very much. The country was gently rolling; the hills covered with short, thick grass and with magnificent pine trees which grew at considerable distance from each other; and along the streams were wonderful tree ferns and luxurious tangles of verdant vegetation. They decided that here was a tropical paradise, an ideal site for an ideal city.
Another thing confronted them. Water facilities had to be considered. They visited several springs and, to their amazement, they found numerous magnificent springs with crystal clear water which burst forth from hillsides in such manner as to make its protection from surface drainage easy. They were satisfied and contented that everything they needed to make a beautiful and admirable city which would become the future summer capital and health resort of the Philippines was there.
MEN WHO BUILT BAGUIO: One important man besides Dr. Worcester who, because of his unselfishness and devotion to his work as a famous architect, was David H. Burnham, who dreamed of creating a beautiful city somewhere. Years later, an opportunity gave reality to his dream when he was offered to create a dream city on top of
the Benguet Mountains. In his eagerness to make his dream into a tangible realization, he offered to do the work free except for the expense money and remuneration for his assistance. Now, we see David Burnham on all streets and nooks of Baguio, especially in that lagoon at the center of the city which bears his name.
a master in highway construction, who, because of his feats in this line and his masterful technique in handling laborers, gained the epitaph "The Road Builder."
William Cameron Forbes – Governor General of the Philippine Islands (November 11, 1909 - March 15, 1912). This man was the indefatigable backer of Baguio during his incumbency as Governor-General. His name will always be associated with the development of Baguio as a summer resort. Baguio was his pet project that he backed all people interested in the development of the Pines City – and that what we enjoy now in this city, we owe much to him.
Justice George A. Malcolm – The credit of having revised the ordinance of Baguio, modifying them into revised ordinances and editing a volume containing the Baguio Charter without charge for his services goes to this man. We refer to him as "The Maker of the Baguio Charter," which also resulted into Act No. 1963, the Baguio Charter, that took effect on the first day of September, 1909. From that time, this Charter was rarely amended and with only minor changes was incorporated into the Administrative Code.
Otto Shearer – He was a German resident of Baguio who, because of his untiring help, made the beginnings of Baguio successful. He became a liaison officer under the American Military Government in La Trinidad, then Secretary under Governor H. Philip Whitmarsh.
Judge John W. Hauserman – This man is often called "Baguio's Adopted Son." He is the Foremost Builder and outstanding Gold pro-