MUNICIPALITY OF BATAC, Historical Data Part III - Philippine Historical Data MUNICIPALITY OF BATAC, Historical Data Part III - Philippine Historical Data


Municipality of Batac



About these Historical Data

[p. 13]

1882 - Town Curate - Fr. Antonio Garcia; Gobernadorcillo - Don Miguel Garcia. January - the house on Don Hermogenes Arizabal was set on fire and Brico [probably Briccio] Pambid and Meliton Castro were suspected to have been the arsonists.

February - one Thursday night, after the curfew bell, the house of Damaso Tagatac was burned; and at about 3:00 A.M. the succeeding day, the house of Fidel Libed was again burned down. On the same day, Friday, between 11 and 12 o'clock at noon, the house of Ines Lopez was on fire. This last house was across the river south of the two houses which were burned earlier in the day. This started a big conflagration wherein the house of [the] gobernadorcillo was included because the fire went as far as to the hills south of the poblacion. After the conflagration, the gobernadorcillo ordered that the roofs of all the houses in the community be demolished without exception.

September - Appearance of a big comet with a very long tail in the east. News of a very severe epidemic in Manila.

November 27 - The tobacco bales stored in the camarin were ordered removed by the [missing word] found out that many bales were missing. After a checking was made, punishment was imposed on the gobernadorcillo, Don Miguel Garcia, and the three directors who were his associates. Nicolas Aglipay and his brother were also punished because they were the ones who carted away the stolen tobacco bales.

Don Miguel Garcia was removed as gobernadorcillo and Don Juan Braceros was made acting in his stead. Garcia's term barely more than a year.

1883 - Town Curate - Fr. Antonio Garcia; Gobernadorcillo - Don Juan Braceros. June 13th - a very severe epidemic visited Batac and the average daily death was 40, 50, 60 and 68 a day. More than 900 people died. On this month, the church was destroyed.

1884 - Town Curate - Fr. Antonio Garcia; Gobernadorcillo - Don Juan Braceros. November - arrival of the decree of the Provincial Governor ordering that the roads and streets be widened and fences be of the same height. Big fire from Barrio Caoayan up to the cemetery south of the town. It started from the house of Juan Gaoat [or Gacat, blurred] between 1 and 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Ex-gobernadorcillo, Captain Raymundo Pambid and Maria Beltran were burned to death.

September - Dismissal from office of the gobernardorcillo, Don Juan Braceros, and the Teniente Mayor. The cause of their dismissal was the excessive charges they collected from the residents.

Don Leon Rubio, who was Teniente 2ndo [likely Segundo], became the acting gobernadorcillo (gobernador accidental) and Don Mariano Crisostomo, who was the Teniente 3rd, became Teniente Mayor.

1885 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Don Basilio Guatlo. January 1 - Don Leon Rubio, acting gobernadorcillo, was succeeded by Don Juan Caoili. A big comet appeared in the west. The riverbed was widened with the removal of bamboo probes along its bank.

July - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla succeeded the acting town curate and Don Basilio Guatlo became the gobernadorcillo.

Heavy taxes and obligations were imposed on the prominent citizens and the masses.

Roads and ways were given names.

Houses and urban lots were measured and assessed for taxation purposes.

November 24 - Beginning of payment of taxes in Laoag [not sure, blurred] by the landholders of the locality.

[p. 14]

1885 - (Continued)

Death of King Alfonso XII in Spain.

August 25 - The Commissioner of Prizes with a per diem of ₱4.00 a day was sent by the Provincial Governor to collect taxes from those who had not yet paid.

1886 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Basilio Guatlo. January 15 - destruction of the tobacco warehouse, killing [of] four persons who wanted to salvage nails.

June 27 - At about 8:30 P.M., while the municipal officials were in session and the gobernadorcillo was signing the minutes because the headmen were in, giving the lists of the delinquents in taxes, when they reached the list of those headed by Don Antero Garcia, said Garcia stood up and answered in a very loud voice. The other capitanes present tried to pacify him. The gobernadorcillo himself stood up and went in front of Garcia to calm him down but to no avail. Exasperated, the gobernadorcillo spanked him, and Garcia retaliated by striking Guatlo with his rattan cane on the side of the head. Guatlo was knocked out. Even the town curate went to the place because of the uproar and trouble, which excited him.

Corpus Christi Day and the Feast of St. John coincided on the same day.

The principal citizens made a demonstration protesting against taxes and they were all declared in default of payment and all their properties were seized by the government.

1887 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Don Basilio Guatlo.

1888 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Don Alejandro Sabas. Visit of His Excellency Captain General Valeriano Weyler.

1889 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Don Basilio Guatlo. Cholera and malaria epidemic.

1890 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Don Leon Regonan. Transfer of the Municipal Hall (Tribunal) to the west of the tower. The new municipal hall which was built was designed by Leon Rigonan. Confirmation ceremonies in the church.

1891 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Don Leon Rigonan. Smallpox epidemic.

1892 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Benigno Asuncion.

1893 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Don Benigno Asuncion. Demonstration of the headmen of the community because they were forced to pay the taxes of the absentees and the deceased. The administrator ordered that their names be struck from the list and that they be made to pay a fine of ₱25.00 each. But the town curate, Fr. Cipriano Marcilla, intervened in favor of the headmen and they made a letter of petition for them to the Captain General. Subsequently, their proposed punishments were set aside.

1894 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Gobernadorcillo - Don Alejandro Sabas. The term "gobernadorcillo" and all its dependencies were changed and, instead, the name "Capitan Municipal" was given to signify the highest official in the town.

1895 - Town Curate - Fr. Cipriano Marcilla; Capitan Municipal - Don Juan Verzosa. Confirmation ceremonies in the church. Rebuilding the bridge southwest of the old tribunal.

1986 - Town Curate - Fr. David Diez (Acting); Capitan Municipal - Don Juan Verzosa. February 29 - Suspension of all municipal employees and delegates for false cause, upon the order of the town curate.

[p. 15]

1897 - Town Curate - Fr. Recardo Dasa; Capitan Municipal - Don Leon Regonan. Felipe Corpuz, [a] servant of the local judge, Don Gregorio Rubio, was killed on the garrote for murderning two women named Carmen and Norberta.

1898 - Town Curate - Fr. Reardo Desa; Capitan Municipal - Don Leon Regonan. First time the Filipino flag was hoisted in this town. Fleeing of the friars and members of the Spanish Army to Bangui upon pursuit by soldiers of the Philippine Republic.

Arrival of General Manuel Tinto with his band of Katipuneros, were not given the cooperation and courtesy as expected from the people because of the many abuses, cruelties and crimes they committed in the locality. They raped innocent women, ransacked personal properties, and if anybody opposed their wishes, they inflicted severe punishment [on] the people.
1899 - Town Curate - Fr. Eulogio Alcid; Capitan Municipal - Don Domingo Domrique. Murder of Don Tito Abellon and several Chinese merchants.

Before the arrival of the American troops in the provinces, a group of revolutionaries composed of prominent citizens and other liberty-loving inhabitants was formed and led by General Gregorio Aglipay. Combined with the Katipuneros, this local army engaged the American troops in many pitch battles in the localities and the odds were always against the local revolutionists they used only bolos and sharpened bamboo sticks to supplement the very few rifles and revolvers they could grab from the enemy. Practically, ammunitions were unknown to the revolutionists. The several pitch battles engaged in by the inhabitants against the American troops took place in barrios Mabalang, Payao, Pussuac, Barbarañgay, Cabaroan, Sta. Rosa, Tipcal, Iguid, Ambango, and other sitios. The local revolutionists were led during those guerrilla raids by General Gregorio Aglipay, who had for his junior officers the late Don Crispin Verano, Bartolome Franco, Higidio Layawen, Leonardo Corpuz, Juan Solsoloy, Agustin Quiaoit, Santiago Madrid, Damaso Rangcapam, Eugenio Mendoza, and Balbino Sabas.

December 12 - arrival of the American detachment in the locality; they seized the local administration; established [a] military government and enforced the material law among the inhabitants.

American troops concentrated in Batac in their efforts to capture General Aglipay, who harassed them with his guerrillas. In their desire to capture him, even the wives and children of revolutionists were brought to Laoag and maltreated. Those who were weak at heart surrendered to the Americans and turned traitors to their comrades.

1900 - Mun. President - Don Sereno Franco. April 16 - The American detachment stationed in Batac went to the barrios south of the poblacion and to Barrio Nableng [or Mableng, blurred], they found an encampment of the revolutionists who had already completed plans to enter and seize the poblacion. Because the Americans were few in number, the revolutionists seized the opportunity and chased them to the town and gave them the battle of their lives. Upon reaching the poblacion, the Americans had reinforcements and they spread through the town and stationed themselves at strategic places like the bell tower, convent, riverbank, etc. When the Americans discovered that the revolutionists took refuge in the houses, the American soldies set fire to these houses and started the conflagration which burned the town to ashes. Very few houses were saved, and hundres of lives were lost along the provincial streets and at the outskirts of the town.

[p. 16]

1901 - Municipal President
Mun. Vice-President
Mun. Councilors
Mun. Secretary
Mun. Treasurer

Beginning of civil government in the locality under the American regime. The above officials were elected through general suffrage. Separation of the church and state. Eusebio Rabanal, Santos Rumbaoa and Sotero Caliñgao, three local heroes, were executed on the gallows erected south of the convent of the Roman Catholic church because they were found guilty, through summary court, as the killers of spies of the American detachment and some American soldiers.

Establishment of public schools.

1902 - No changes were made with respect to the local officials except Don Leon Regonan, who resigned as Municipal Treasurer and was changed by Domingo Dumbrigue.

June - Influenza and cholera epidemics which lasted for about three months.

August 2 - Appointment of Don Melchor Flor as Provincial Secretary of the Provincial Board of Ilocos Norte.

1903 - Don Domingo Dumbrigue ceased as Municipal Treasurer and Don Evacio Bacliog became Acting Mun. Treasurer.

The municipal district of Banna was annexed to Batac. Establishment of the partnership of "La Bataqueña Cooperative Association," which handled general merchandize.

Establishment of the Philippine Independent Church in the locality and erection of the church for the same in Barrio Lacub.

1904 - First taking of the census under the American regime.
1904-1905 Mun. President
Mun. Vice-President
Mun. Councilors
Claudio Asuncion
Galo Luzod
Mansueto Asuncion
Bernardino Valdez
Teogenes Quiaoit
Marciano Rubio
Andres Gabriel
Silverio Lopez
Roque Regonan
Juan Braceros
Gaudencio Morales
Miguel Garcia
Fruto Braceros
Estanislao Magno
Ambrosio Alegro
Mun. Secretary
Mun. Treasurer
Sabas Sebastian Ventura
Rafael Morales
1904 - The following also acted as Municipal Councilors through appointment:
Nicolas Layaoen
Nicolas Cuanang
Adriano Cuanang
Benigno Asuncion
Melanio Braceros
1905 - For lack of rainfall, ther was very poor harvest.

[p. 17]

[Note to the reader: Confidence in the transcription of this page, particularly the names, is low because of the generally poor quality of the original document.]

1904-1905 Mun. President
Mun. Vice-President
Mun. Councilors
Sereno Franco
Casijiro Garcia
Estanislao Magno
Silverio Lopez
Mansueto Asuncion
Francisco Sabas
Fruto Braceros
Mariano Rubio
Sinforoso Rubio
Roque Rigonan
Nicolas Layawan
Nicolas Cuanang
Teodoro Flojo
Miguel Garcia
Teogenes Quiaoit
Ambrosio Alegre
Mun. Secretary
Mun. Treasurer
Sabas Sebastian Ventura
Antonio P. Cid
They all held office for two years, from January 1, 1906 to December 31, 1907.
1906 - General famine. The people lived on roots and tubers. December 29 - Fire in Barrios Labocao, Caoayan and Iloilo. Founding of the Batac Farm School, which is now the Batac Rural High School, through the donations made by civic-spirited citizens headed by the late Don Melchor Flor, who was then the Provincial Governor of Ilocos Norte, and Sereno Franco, the incumbent Municipal President. The latter donated most of his salary and a big tract of land to realize the project.
Starting of the silk industry in the Batac Farm School and in the locality.
1907 - September - Opening of the Calungbuyan Cemetery for the Philippine Independent Church; also of the municipal cemetery in sitio Ayusan.


Mun. Pres. - Daniel Apostol
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Andres Gabriel
Mun. Councilors
Mauricio Sabas
Ismail Valenciano
Vicente Teaño
Ramon Madamba
Mariano Crisostomo
Silverio Lopez
Brigido Pablo
Facundo Esteban
Higidio Layawen
Gabriel Maulit
Roque Rigonan
Santos Quiaoit
Felipe Arcangel
Eugenio Flor
Mun. Sec. - Sabas Regonan
Mun. Treas. - Antonio P. Cid

The above named officials held office from January 1, 1908 to December 31, 1909

The old church building, together with the convent and other church properties, were ordered to be given back to the Roman Catholic Church after a litigation in the courts to determine their ownership.

1909 - The Governor General ordered the suspension from office for a period of three months of Municipal President Daniel Apostol

[p. 18]

[Note to the reader: Confidence in the transcription of this page, particularly the names, is low because of the generally poor quality of the original document.]

Daniel Apostol:

Daniel Apostol for [unreadable] negligence of duty with the parish priest of the Roman Catholic Church as complainant. [unreadable] Asuncion was made acting municipal president during [unreadable].


Mun. Pres. - Santiago Espiritu
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Bartolome Nolasco
Mun. Secretary - Ismail Valenciano
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid
Mun. Councilors
Daniel Apostol
Eugenio Mendoza
Vicente Teaño
Felipe Arcangel
Marcelino Rabamal
Francisco Crisostomo
Estanislaw Lorenzo
Severo Franco
Silverio Lopez
Rufo Bilog
Marcelino Aglipay
Bartolome Quiaoit
Melecio B. Javier
Florencio Yabas
The above officials held office from January 1, 1910 to October 15, 1912.

1910 - Executive Order of the Provincial Governor regarding arrest of lepers and other sick with contagious diseases for eventual treatment.

1911 - Changing the old bridge west of the Roman Catholic Church (then known as San Roque Bridge) with one of reinforced concrete. Renovation of the bridge in Barrio San Julian.

1912 - Building of the Gabaldon Elementary School which cost approximately ₱20,000.00. Many donations from [the] public-spirited citizens were received in this project.

March - resignation of Bartolome Nolasco as Municipal Vice-President and appointment of Jose Andres for the same post. The following also assumed office as Municipal Councilors through appointment in lieu of incumbents who resigned.

Juan Solsoloy, Domingo Dimaya, Manuel Damo, Monico de los Santos, Brigido Pablo, Inocencio Nalupta and Redardo Fontanilla.

October 16 - [The] Honorable Teogenes Quiaoit assumed office as assemblyman for the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte in the First Philippine Assembly, after triumph in the election for the same.


Mun. Pres. - Galo Luzod
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Mauricio Sabas
Mun. Secretary - Ismael Valenciano
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid
Mun. Councilors
Casiano Galano
Buenaventura Bactat
Eustacio Baluyo
Roque Rigonan
Francisco Nalupta
Bernardo Lagmay
Domingo Esquibel

[p. 19]

1912-1916 (continued)

Mun. Councilors
Diomedes Sugui
Constantino Sacro
Pedro Calacal
Crispulo Fontanilla
Ricardo Fontanilla
Facundo Esteban
Teogenes Quiaoit
The above officials held office from October 16, 1912 to October 15, 1916

1912 - The Gabaldon Elementary School was completed.

1913 - Separation of Banna from Batac because the former was made into a regular municipality.

March - a big fire started in the barrio of Iloilo at about 1:00 P.M. on Holy Tuesday.

May 9 - severe hurricane struck Batac, destroyingt most of the houses, Municipal Hall, Roman Catholic Church and convent, etc. Capitan Claudio Asuncion, Ramon Franco and others perished.

July 28 - Sabas Rigonan was the acting Municipal Secretary.

October - rinderpest and anthrax epidemic among cattle in the locality. It was so severe and widespread that soldiers from the United States Army were stationed here to enforce quarantine regulations.

Note: The Municipal Secretary, Mr. Ismael Valenciano, resigned from office in November 1912. He was changed by Urbano Esquibel. In 1913, Eugenio Mendoza became Municipal Secretary.

1914 - Expropriation of several lots in Barrio Nalasin for the site of the public market. The lot where General Artemio Ricarte was born was included. Building of a public market of reinforced concrete on the expropriated space. Coming of locusts to thelocality.

1915 - Invasion of locusts in the locality.

1916 - Demoliton of [the] Municipal Hall as ruined by the hurricane in 1912. June - Triumph of Melchor Flor in the election for representative of the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte. October 16 to December 31 - Higidio Layawen assumed the office of Municipal President but there was an election protest against him filed by Mauricio Sabas.

1917 - January 1 to April 13 - The Vice-President, Felipe Arcangel, discharged office as acting Municipal President pending the result of the election protest.

February 3 - Decision of the Court of First Instance of Ilocos Norte in connection of the election protest of [the] municipal president, deciding the same in favor of Mauricio Sabas and against Higidio Layawen.

Assumption of office of Municipal President Mauricio Sabas.

Mun. Pres. - Mauricio Sabas
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Felipe Arcangel
Mun. Secretary - Acisco Braceros
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid
Mun. Councilors
Glicario Verzosa
Agustin Quiaoit
Pedro Quiaoit
Gregorio Saguitguit
Pascual Ulit
Antilin Flojo
Nicolas Cuanang
Fabian Buco
Tomas Tolentino

[p. 20]

1917-1919 (Continued)

Mun. Councilors
Apolonio Asuncion
Hermolazo Franco
Sereno Franco
Francisco Nalupta
Bartolome Quiaoit

June 30 - Establishment of the Rural Credit Association in Batac.

Strong earthquake which cracked the frontage of the Roman Catholic Church.

1917 - Recruiting of soldiers for the Philippine National Guard. Capt. Agustin Quiaoit, 1st Lieut. Felix R. Verzosa, 2nd Lieut. Mariano R. Marcos, and 2nd Lieut. Arturo R. Verzosa, all of this locality, were officers in said organization.

1918 - Severe influenza epidemic; there were many deaths. Strike of female students in the Batac Farm School against certain policites. Another General Census was taken throughout the archipelago. High flood destroying several dams across the Quiaoit River. April - Building the first wooden bridge across the Burubur Creek.


Mun. Pres. - Higidio Layawen
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Isidro Morales
Mun. Secretary - Francisco R. Marcos
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid

Municipal Councilors

Melchor Flor
Hilario Valdes
Leon Verano
Celestino C. Layawen
Dimetrio Arcangel
Serano Franco
Andres Gabriel
Francisco Nalupta
Urbano Arcangel
Felipe Mañgapit
Galo Luzod
Adriano Toralba
Leon Asuncion
Emilio Aberlon
The above named officials held office from October 16, 1922.
1922 - Separation of Barrio Nagtrigoan, Buanga, and part of Insukit from Batac; and annexation of the same of Pinili, which was made into a regular municipality in that year.

Separation of Barrio Lang-ayan and part of Cubol and annexation of the same to Currimao, which was made into a regular municipality during that year.

June - Building the stone embankments along both sides of the Quiaoit River.

October - Digging of artesian wells in different parts of the poblacion.

1921 - Reassessment of houses and other real properties for taxation purposes.

Establishment of the Batac Puericulture Center which was the fifth center to be established in the whole archipelago.

Visit of the Wood-Forbes Mission, sent by President Harding in connection with the desire of the Philippines for independence.

July - Death of incumbent Justice of the Peace Fernando Quiaoit; Petronilo Castro was made acting Justice of the Peace.

Digging the ditch from Paoay Lake to the barrio of Baay for irrigation purposes.

Visit of all the provincial governors of the country, headed by Honorable Honorio Ventura.

Erection of the chapel of the "Church of Christ" in Barrio Lacub, and organization of local Protestants.

Formation of the Colectivista Party in Manila with Mons.

[p. 21]

Gregorio Aglipay of Batac as the Honorary President. Invastion of locusts in the locality. Death of Justice of the Peace Petronilo Castro and assumption of office of Justice of the Peace Felix R. Verzosa.


Mun. Pres. - Isidro Morales
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Quirico Dumorique
Mun. Secretary - Melecio B. Javier
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid

Municipal Councilors

Felipe Mañgapit
Hilarion Nalupta
Glicerio Verzosa
Urbano Arcangel
Urbano Esquibel
Vicente Teaño
Franscisco Nalupta
Hilario Valdez
Ciriaco Lopez Bonifacio
Adriano Cuanang Ablin
Apolinio Asuncion
Leon Obian
Bernardo Gamet
Casimiro Garcia
The above named officials held office from October 16, 1922 to October 16, 1925.

1923 - The visit of His Excellency, the Governor General of the Philippines.

1924 - Drive for voluntary contributions to the Independence Fund.

1925 - June - Triumph of the Honorable Mariano R. Marcos as representative of the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte in the Philippine Legislature.

Donation of one house of strong materials of the municipality for school purposes by Municipal President Isidro Morales. This building was built just east of the Gabaldon School.


Mun. Pres. - Eugenio Mendoza
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Bonifacio Ablin
Mun. Secretary - Sinon Obien
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid

Municipal Councilors

Felipe Mañgapit
Vicente Teaño
Demetrio Arcangel
Celestion Aguilizan
Pedro Quiaoit
Deogracias Castro
Adriano Cuanang
Francisco Sariam
Juan Luzod
Eugenio Flor
Simplicio Rubio
Remigio Pesarillo
Urbano Esquibel
Lazaro Damasco
The above named officials held office from October 16, 1925 to October 16, 1928.

1926 - Batac was changed from a second class to a third class municipality by operation of the new provision of the Administrative Code. Opening of the provincial road from Batac to Banna; opening of another provincial road to Paoay Lake. Very poor harvest in rice because of drought.

1927 - Building of the Batac Emergency Hospital.

1928 - General elections; re-election of [the] Honorable Mariano R. Marcos as representative of the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte; only 6 councilors of 14 were voted upon as members of the council in accordance with the new provisions of the Administrative Code.

Building of the Intermediate School Building and the barrio schools of Sumader, Magnuang, Dagbacalan, and Bil-loca; enlargement of the school building in Barrio Baay; opening of the street just west of the Gabaldon school.

Expropriation proceedings of several lots north of the Municipal Hall as site of the new Municipal Hall.

[p. 22]

1928 to 1931:

Mun. Pres. - Urbano Arcangel
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Pedro Crisostomo
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid

Municipal Councilors:

Pio R. Marcos
Andres Lopez
Vicente Teaño
Isidro Morales
Jose Abellon
Melchor Flor

The above named officials held office from October 16, 1925 to October 15, 1931. Upon the death of Melchor Flor in June 1928, Leon Verano was appointed as Municipal Councilor. Saturnino Flor was also appointed to the same office.

Mr. Ambrocio Daguio resigned as Municipal Secretary and Mr. Demetrio Arcangel became Secretary on December 6, 1929.

1928 - Improving the street north of the Gabaldon school and Intermediate building. Establishment of the Batac Municipal Library through donations from public-spirited citizens. June 13 - Death of the Honorable Melchor Flor, three times Provincial Governor, one-time representative for the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte in the Philippine Legislature, and many time Mun. Councilor of Batac.

1929 - Building of the new municipal hall, costing ₱17,000.00, on the expropriated area.

Plebiscite among residents in the barrios contested between Batac and Banna under the personal direction of the Honorable Honorio Ventura, Secretary of the Interior. The residents voted in favor of Batac by an overwhelming majority.

Changing of the Batac Farm School into "Batac Rural High School" to be under the administration of the Province.

1930 - March 19 - about 2:00 P.M., a very strong earthquake throughout northern Luzon, destroying the old municipal hall, the Roman Catholic Church and the bell tower and causing the destruction of many personal properties of the residents. The bells in the tower fell down.
Transfer of the municipal offices to the new municipal hall. Construction of a part of the Manila North Road to Pias, Currimao.
1931 - Construction of the Batac diversion road west of the poblacion. Visit of His Excellency, Govenor General Theodore Roosevelt. Construction of the tennis court east of the Gabaldon school (partly donated by the graduating class of 1931). Erection of the chapel of [the] local "Seventh Day Adventist" in Barrio Suabit.

1931 to 1934:

Mun. Pres. - Eugenio Mendoza
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Severion Asuncion
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid

Municipal Councilors:

Teodulo Guittap
Andres Lopez
Vicente Teaño
Sixto Fontanilla
Higidio Layawen
Francisco Nalupta
The Municipal Secretary, Mr. Demetrio Arcangel, was changed by Mr. Bonifacio Ablin in February 1932.

[p. 23]

1932 - Establishment of the Batac Electric Light Co., Inc. under a municipal franchise. Complete demolition of the old municipal hall.

1934 [probably 1933] - Establishment of the General Ricarte Academy through private initiative and intended for secondary education.

1934 - June - General elections, the Honorable Julio Nalundasan was elected representative for the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte.

July 10 - General elections for delegates to the Constitutional Convention. Those elected were Mons. Servando Castro and Hon. Francisco Ventura, both of Batac. They represented the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte.

September 30 - Donation to thet own of Batac on one monument of Dr. Jose Rizal erected in front of the new municipal hall. The donation was made by Hon. Julio Nalundasan and Municipal President Eugenio mendoza.

Erection of the Public Theatre through donations made by incumbent councilors who gave their accumulated per diems for the purpose.

1934 to 1937:

Mun. Pres. - Leon Q. Verano
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Francisco Acosta
Mun. Secretary - Mariano N. Nalupta
Mun. Treasurer - Antonio P. Cid

Municipal Councilors

Florendo Pablo
Eugenio S. Morales
Juan Asuncion
Vicente Teaño
Rosendo Albano
Carlos Malabed, Jr.
The above named officials held office from October 16, 1937.
1935 - The Roman Catholic Church built in the patio was burned down. It was a wooden building. April 16 - First celebration of History Day, April 15, 1900, when the town was burned to ashes during the Filipino-American War.

May - Acceptance of the Constitution of the Philippines by the people in a general plebiscite. Batac voted in the affirmative overwhelmingly.

June - The shop of the Batac Rural High School was burned down by arsonist.

September - Commonwealth General Elections where Mons. Gregorio Aglipay, candidate for President of the Philippines, received an overwhelming vote in the locality. Election of Hon. Julio Nalundasan as assemblyman of the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte to the National Assembly.

September 20 - Murder of Hon. Julio Nalundasan at about 10:00 P.M. in his house in Barrio Lacub, No. 10, when he was shot through the heart by a person or persons unknown. Suspension of Municipal President Leon Q. Verano and Chief of Police Ayson for alleged negligence of duty.

September 21 - Suspension of the whole police force by Governor Santiago Espiritu, who did not have power to do so.

September 23 - The police force was reinstated but put under the Philippine Constabulary.

In the absence of Mun. Vice-President Francisco Acosta, Mun. Councilor Florendo M. Pablo was made Act. Mun. President until September 29, 1935.

[p. 24]

1935 - (Continued)

November 15 - INAUGURATION of the COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES; general celebrations throughout the country. As a delegation to the inaugural ceremonies in Manila, Vice-President Francisco Acosta and Mun. Councilors Florendo M. Pablo, Eugenio S. Morales, Dr. Juan Asuncion and Carlos Malabed, Jr. were sent by the council. Only municipal councilors Vicente Teaño and Rosendo Alban remained in Batac with Councilor Vicente Teaño acting as Municipal President.

Building of the Batac Home Economics Building which cost about ₱4,000.00. Cementing the foundation of the Public Theatre through donations of the incumbent Municipal President, Mun. Councilors and the Municipal Teachers.

1936 - March 22 - Reinstatement of Mun. President Leon Q. Verano to his office. May - The women of Batac voted overwhelmingly "yes" in the plebiscite in connection with women's suffrage.

September 20 - Suspension for a period of one month of Mun. President Leon Q. Verano for alleged negligencen of duty, the cause of which was not proven in an investigation case made by the Department of Interior.

September 1 - Special election for the office vacated by the death of Hon. Julio Nalundasan. Hon. Ulpiano R. Arzadon of Badoc was elected.

New wooden bridges west of the Gabaldon school and in Barrio San Julian were built. Both cost more than. ₱3,000.00

New concrete tennis court in front of the Public Theatre through donations of mun. officials and civic-spirited citizens.

October - Suspension of Municipal Treasurer Antonio P. Cid for cause; Juan Vallejo of Laoag was made the acting Mun. Treasurer. December - Mardi gras and Municipal Fair in connection with the celebration of the town fiesta.

Mr. Agustin of Badoc was made permanent Municipal Treasurer of Batac. Resignation of Mun. Councilor Eugenio S. Morales and his replacement was [the] appointed Simpliciano Sequi.

1937 - April 16 - Putting the cornerstone to the Monument of the Unknown Heroes of 1900. August - Big flood in the poblacion. Destruction of the first wooden bridge of the Batac diversion road across the Quiaoit River. Building the annex to the municipal hall with a cost of ₱6,000.00

Building of the block tiendas around the public market and the slaughterhouse north of it. October 2 - The term "Municipal President" was changed to "Municipal Mayor" to signify the highest official in the town. Felipe Manpit was appointed by President Quezon to be the first Municipal Mayor of Batac. He held office from October 3 to December 31, 1937.

November 29 - Transfer of the Post and Telegraph Office from a private house to the first floor of the Municipal Hall.

December 14 - General elections: Attorney Florendo M. Pablo of Batac was elected Member of the Provincial Board of Ilocos Norte.

1938 to December 31, 1940:

Mun. Pres. - Leon Q. Verano
Mun. Vice-Pres. - Tomas Magno
Mun. Secretary - Mariano N. Nalupta
Mun. Treasurer - Agustin Cadigal

Municipal Councilors

Rosendo Albano
Vicente Teaño
Lagrimas Najras
Andres Lopez
Francisco Nalupta
Deogracias Castro

[p. 25]

1938 to Dec. 31, 1940 (Continued)

Note: Councilor Rosendo Albano died on October 2, 1938 and in his place, Eugenio Mendoza was appointed.

The above named officials held office on January 1, 1938 up to date.

February - Visit of His Excellency, Hon. Sergio Osmeña, Vice-President of the Philippines, to Northern Luzon.

Completion of the block tiendas west of the public market. Building the iron fence and gate west of the public market. June 2 - Establishment of the Batac Farmers' Cooperative of Munincipal Mayor Leon Verano.

Establishment of Adult Classes in Barrios Din-agan, Baay, Cubol, Quiom, and Maipalig. December - Opening of the rural road to Barrio Quiom. A new wooden bridge was built across the Burubor Creek.

1939 - January 1, General Census was taken throughout the country. April - Visit of His Excellency, President Manuel Luis Quezon to Northern Luzon, passing through Batac amidst general acclaim. A new bridge of reinforced concrete was built in the Batac diversion road across the Quiaoit River. It cost ₱35,000.00

July - Renovation of the concrete bridge south of the Batac Emergency Hospital with the annexation of two sidewalks for pedestrials along its sides.

July 20 - Submission by the Cikkaviratism [unusual string of characters, probably typographical error] Attorney Tomas Daradar, Attorney Florendo M. Pablo, Mr. Juan C. Javier, Mr. Mariano N. Nalupta, Mr. Raymundo R. Sibucao and Mr. Pablo C. Ayon to Municipal Mayor Leon Q. Verano of the final draft of a compilation called "A CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF BATAC," which was undertaken by the compilers in the office of Mayor Verano.

July 28 - Resolution No. 93, Municipal Council of Batac, accepting as true and correct as submitted, the compilation referred to above and thanking the collaborators who were responsible for the work.

[p. 26]

Part Two


1941 to May 1953.

1951 - January 1, 1941. The new municipal officials took their oaths of office. The elected officials were:
Mr. Catalino Acosta
Mr. Teodulo Guittap
Mr. Francisco Nalupta
Mr. Teodoro Narciso
Mr. Severino Asuncion
Mr. Felipe Mangapit
Mr. Siano Segui
Mr. Celestino Aquilizan
Municipal Mayor
Municipal Vice-Mayor
December 8, 1941 - World War II broke out in the Philippines with the invasion by Japan. The Municipal Mayor, Mr. Catalino Acosta, went to the mountains to join the guerrillas.

1941 - The Japanese Occupation. Ex-Mayor Mr. Cereno Franco appointed Mayor.

1943 - Atty. Eugenio Morales, appointed Mayor.

1945 - Military Government, American-Filipino: Mr. Vicente Castro, appointed Mayor, but when he was appointed Municipal Treasurer of Batac, Mr. Teodulo Guittap became Military Mayor.

1945 - The Commonwealth was reconstructed (LIBRATION).

The following officials were appointed:
Mr. Mariano Nalupta, Municipal Mayor
Mr. Emilio Abellon, Mun. Vice-Mayor
Mr. Gervacio Ravelo, Mun. Councilor
Mr. Gregorio Abellon, Mun. Councilor
Mr. Alonzo Quiaoit, Mun. Councilor
Mr. Pedro Cuanang, Mun. Councilor
Mr. Bernardo Arcangel, Mun. Councilor
Mr. Hilario Valdez, Mun. Councilor
Mr. Francisco Bullalayao, Mun. Councilor
Mr. Isidro Morales, Mun. Councilor
1946 - The first elections after liberation took place and [the elected officials] took their oaths of office July 1, 1946 under the Commonwealth but July 4, 1946, all had to take their oaths again as officials of the Republic of the Philppines.

Mr. Mariano Nalupta, Municipal Mayor
Mr. Teodoro Narciso, Mun. Vice-Mayor
Mrs. Emiliana T. Morales, Councilor
Mr. Ambrocio Rodrigo, Councilor
Mr. Caludio Rodrigo, Councilor
Mr. Crisologo Albano, Councilor
Mr. Francisco Bullalayao, Councilor
Mr. Gabriel Yapo, Councilor
Mr. Francisco Acosta, Councilor
Mr. Felix Bacudio, Councilor

Their terms of office ended on December 31, 1951.

[p. 27]

1952 - [In] The elections in November 1951, the following local officials were elected. They took their oaths of office January 1, 1952.
Muncipal Mayor
Muncipal Vice-Mayor
Muncipal Councilor
Muncipal Councilor
Muncipal Councilor
Muncipal Councilor
Muncipal Councilor
Muncipal Councilor
Muncipal Councilor
Muncipal Councilor
Mr. Mariano Nalupta
Mr. Teodoro Narciso
Mrs. Emiliana T. Morales
Mr. Ambrocio Rodrigo
Mrs. Consejo L. Nalupta
Mr. Felix Bacudio
Mr. Emeterio Jocson
Mr. Gabriel Yapo
Dr. Zacarias Aoigan
Atty. Julian Cua
Mr. Teodoro Narciso was an appointed Vice-Mayor because the elected Vice-Mayor, Mr. Rabanal, preferred to be an American citizen.


Transcribed from:
A Chronological History of Batac, Province of Ilocos Norte, Republic of the Philippines, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections. The pagination in this transcription is as they appear in the original document.
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